The CCS Bibliography cites publications and presentations known to utilize the CCS. If you know of a citation that is missing, please send us an e-mail at

Vandeleene, Audrey, De Winter, Lieven, & Baudewyns, Pierre (2018). Candidates, Parties and Voters in the Belgian Partitocracy. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.;

Andreadis, Ioannis and Stavrakakis, Yannis (2017). European Populist Parties in Government: How Well are Voters Represented? Evidence from Greece. Swiss Political Science Review

Chiru, Mihail. ’Cheap Talk or Proper Signaling? Styles of Campaigning and Engagement in Constituency Service’, Social Science Quarterly, 2017, DOI: 10.1111/ssqu.12404

Andreadis, Ioannis. & Kartsounidou, Evangelia. (2016) Conducting a Candidate Study as a Web-Survey. Advantages, Challenges and Best Practices. Presented at 1st BCES International Scientific Conference, University Donja Gorica, Podgorica, Montenegro, 1-2 July 2016

Di Virgilio, Aldo, and Segatti, Paolo (editors). (2016). La rappresentanza politica in Italia: Candidati ed elettori nelle elezioni politiche del 2013. Bologna: Il Mulino.

Giannetti, Daniela, and Pinto, Luca. (2016). "Mapping European parties’ policy positions by using data from the Comparative Candidates Survey." Paper presented at the X ECPR General Conference, Prague, September 7 - 10, 2016.

Freire, André, Lisi, Marco, Andreadis, Ioannis, Viegas, José Manuel Leite (editors) (2016), Political Representation in Times of Bailout: Evidence from Greece and Portugal, London, Routledge. (Book version of the SES&P SI, Vol. 19, Nº 4)

Freire, A. , Lisi M., & Viegas, José Manuel Leite (eds.), (2016), Participação e Representação Políticas na Europa em Crise, Lisboa, Assembleia da República, Coleção Parlamento.

Stavrakakis, Yannis, Ioannis Andreadis, and Giorgos Katsambekis. "A new populism index at work: identifying populist candidates and parties in the contemporary Greek context." European Politics and Society (2016): 1-19.

Andreadis, I. (2015) Estimating the position of political parties: comparison between an expert survey and a candidate survey, Presented at the Workshop on using Expert Judgement, Malta: 7-9 October 2015 and at the NECE conference, Thessaloniki 22-24 October 2015

Andreadis, I., Stavrakakis Y. & Katsambekis G. (2015), “Using surveys to Measure the Populist attitudes of political elites and voters: a Greek pilot study of Supply and Demand”, Paper presented at the Team Populism Conference ‘Solving the Puzzles of Populism’: London, 30 April-2 May 2015

Chiru, Mihail. ‘Multiple Candidacies and the Role of the Lowest Electoral Tier for Individualized Campaigning’, East European Politics and Societies, 2015, 29(4): 892-914

Chiru, Mihail, and Zsolt Enyedi. (2015) "Choosing your own boss: Variations of representation foci in mixed electoral systems." The Journal of Legislative Studies 21.4 : 495-514.

De Winter, Lieven, and Pierre Baudewyns. (2015) "Candidate centred campaigning in a party centred context: The case of Belgium." Electoral Studies 39: 295-305.

Di Virgilio, Aldo, Giannetti, Daniela, Pedrazzani, Andrea, and Pinto, Luca. (2015). "Candidates in 2013 Italian general election: Evidence from the Italian Candidate Survey." Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica 45(3): 317–342.

Freire, André, Marco Lisi & José Manuel Leite Viegas (eds.), (2015), Crise Económica, Políticas de Austeridade e Representação Política, Lisboa, Assembleia da República, Coleção Parlamento.

Freire, André & José Manuel Leite Viegas (editors) (2015), Political Representation in Portugal: The Years of the Socialist Majority, 2005-2009, E-book, Authors’ Edition, Leya.

Kartsounidou, E., & Andreadis, I. (2015) Increasing the response rate of the Comparative Candidate Survey. Presented at DSC22015, Thessaloniki 17-18 September 2015.

Lloren, Anouk, and Jan Rosset. (2015) "Gendered policy preferences? Candidates’ views on political issues in a comparative perspective." Comparative European Politics .

Selb, Peter, and Georg Lutz. (2015) "Lone fighters: Intraparty competition, interparty competition, and candidates' vote seeking efforts in open-ballot PR elections." Electoral Studies 39 : 329-337.

Zittel, Thomas. (2015) "Constituency candidates in comparative perspective–How personalized are constituency campaigns, why, and does it matter?." Electoral Studies 39: 286-294.

Freire, André, Lisi, Marco, Andreadis, Ioannis, Viegas, José Manuel Leite (2014), Editors of the Special Issue “Political Representation in times of Bailout: Evidence from Portugal and Greece”, South European Society and Politics, Vol. 19, nº 4, pp. 413-559 (6 articles plus introduction).

Freire, A., Teperoglou, E., Moury, C. (2014) Awakening the Sleeping Giant in Greece and Portugal? Elites' and Voters' Attitudes towards EU Integration in Difficult Economic Times. South European Society and Politics Vol. 19, Iss. 4, 2014

Freire, A., Lisi, M., Andreadis, I., & Leite Viegas, J. M. (2014). Political representation in bailed-out Southern Europe: Greece and Portugal compared. South European Society and Politics, 1-21.

Teperoglou, E., Freire, A. Andreadis, I. & Leite Viegas, J. M. (2014). Elites’ and Voters’ attitudes towards austerity policies and their consequences in Greece and Portugal.

Schmitt, Hermann (2013): “Nationale Parteien oder lokale Kandidaten? Eine Analyse ihrer elektoralen Orientierungs-leistungen bei der Bundestagswahl 2009.“ pp 514-529 in Bernhard Weßels, Harald Schön and Oscar Gabriel (eds.), Wahlen und Wähler. Wiesbaden: Springer.

Teperoglou, E. & Andreadis, I. (2012) Investigating consensus versus conflict between the Greek and Portuguese political elites during the economic crisis: a matter of ideology?" Paper prepared for the 2nd Plenary Conference of the CCS, MZES, University of Mannheim, 27 – 29 January 2012

Andreadis, I. (2012) Satisfaction with Democracy among Candidates: The Impact of the Electoral Outcome, “The Comparative Analysis of Political Attitudes and Behaviours of Candidates Standing for Office in National Parliament Elections”, 2nd Plenary Conference of the CCS, MZES, University of Mannheim, 27 – 29 January 2012

Giebler, Heiko, and Andreas M. Wüst (2011): Individuelle Wahlkämpfe bei der Europawahl 2009: Länderübergreifende und ebenenspezifische Befunde. p. 121-152 in: Jens Tenscher (Ed.) Superwahljahr 2009. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.

Gschwend, Thomas, and Thomas Zittel (2011): Machen Wahlkreiskandidaten einen Unterschied? Die Persönlichkeitswahl als interaktiver Prozess. p. 371-392 in: Wählen in Deutschland. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Karlsen, Rune. (2011) "A platform for individualized campaigning? Social media and Parliamentary candidates in the 2009 Norwegian election campaign." Policy & Internet 3.4 : 1-25.

Manuel Meirinho, André Freire, Conceição Pequito Teixeira, & José Manuel Leite Viegas, (2011), Editors of the Special Issue “Candidatos, Eleitores e Campanhas Eleitorais: As Eleições Legislativas de 2009 em Perspectiva”, Revista de Ciências Sociais e Políticas/Journal of Social and Political Sciences, n.º 2, Set.2011, ISCSP -UTL, pp. 1-149 (bilingual: portuguese and Englisj).

Lutz, Georg and Peter Selb (2010): Personal vote seeking and district magnitude in open list PR systems. Evidence from Switzerland. Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University and to be presented at the APSA 2010 conference, and to appear in a special issue of Electoral Studies (special issue accepted).

Schmitt, Hermann (2010): National parties or local candidates? An assessment of German voters' choice options in the Bundestag election of 2009. Paper prepared for presentation at the conference on the German Bundestags election 2009, University of Kansas at Lawrence, April 24-26.

Schmitt, Hermann; Scholz, Evi and Conny Züll (2010): Determinants of non-response to the open-ended question on the meaning of left and right: A comparison of political elites and the mass public in Germany. Paper to be presented at the ISA Conference in Gothenburg, Sweden, July 11-17, 2010.

Teperoglou, E. Chadjipadelis, T. & Andreadis I. (2010). 'Μελέτη διαιρετικών τομών εκλογέων και υποψηφίων στο εθνικό και ευρωπαϊκό δίπολο: συγκλίσεις και αποκλίσεις' [Cleavages of Voters and Candidates in the National and the European Dimension: Convergences and Divergences], Science and Society - Journal of Political and Moral Theory 25 p.37-63 (English abstract at:

Arter, David (2009): When do individual candidates individualise their constituency campaigns? Reflections from the Finnish experience. Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University.

Cross, William (2009): Constituency Campaigning in Canada. Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University.

Denver, David (2009): Is there a way forward for the study of constituency campaigning in Britain? Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University.

De Winter, Lieven (2009): Belgian candidates in search of a constituency. Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University.

Eder, Nikolaus; Marcello, Jenny and Wolfgang C. Müller (2009): Party Democracy and Individualized Constituency Campaigning: Candidates Strategies and Behavior in the 2006 Austrian Elections. Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University.

Freire, André & José Manuel Leite Viegas (editor) (2009), Representação Política. O Caso Português em Perspectiva Comparada, Lisboa, Sextante.
Freire, André, José Manuel Leite Viegas & Filipa Seiceira (2009), Representação Política em Portugal. Inquéritos e Bases de Dados, Lisboa, Sextante.

Marsh, Michael (2009): Constituency campaigning in Ireland under STV: The candidate's perspective. Paper presented at the conference on "Candidates in Constituency Campaigns from a Comparative Perspective", Cornell University.

Wüst, Andreas M. (2009): Zur Sozialisation von Neuparlamentariern im 15. Deutschen Bundestag, in: Oscar W. Gabriel, Bernhard Weßels and Jürgen W. Falter (eds.): Wahlen und Wähler. Analysen aus Anlass der Bundestagswahl 2005, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 328–345.

Wüst, Andreas M. (2009): Bundestagskandidaten und Einwanderungspolitik: Eine Analyse zentraler Policy-Aspekte, Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 19 (1), 77–105.

Zittel, Thomas (2009): Lost in Technology? Political Parties and the Online Campaigns of Constituency Candidates in Germany’s Mixed Member Electoral System, Journal of Information Technology and Politics 6 (3/4), 298–311.

Andreadis, Ioannis and Chadjipadelis, Theodore (2008): Characteristics of Greek Parliament candidates. 58th Political Studies Association Annual Conference "Democracy, Governance and Conflict: Dilemmas of Theory and Practice", Swansea, UK, 1 - 3 April 2008, available online at:

Zittel, Thomas and Thomas Gschwend (2008): Individualised Constituency Campaigns in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: Candidates in the 2005 German Elections, West European Politics 31 (5), 879–1003.

Zittel, Thomas and Thomas Gschwend (2007): Individualisierte Wahlkämpfe im Wahlkreis. Eine Analyse am Beispiel des Bundestagswahlkampfes 2005, Politische Vierteljahresschrift 48 (2), 293–321.

Zittel, Thomas and Thomas Gschwend (2007): Der Bundestagswahlkampf von 2005 und Kollektive Repräsentation: Ein kurzer Auftakt zum langen Abschied?, in: Frank Brettschneider, Oskar Niedermayer and Bernhard Weßels (eds.): Die Bundestagswahl 2005. Analysen des Wahlkampfs und der Wahlergebnisse, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 119-144.

Wüst, Andreas M. (2006): Wahlverhalten und politische Repräsentation von Migranten, Der Bürger im Staat, 56 (4), 228–234.

Wüst, Andreas M.; Schmitt, Hermann; Gschwend, Thomas and Thomas Zittel (2006): Candidates in the 2005 Bundestag Election: Mode of Candidacy, Campaigning and Issues, German Politics 15 (4), 420–438.

Zittel, Thomas (2006): Comparative Legislative Behavior. p. 455–473 in: Rod A.W. Rhodes, Sara Binder, Bert Rockman (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.